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Saturday, July 25, 2020 | History

2 edition of Strategies for sustaining crop germplasm preservation, enhancement, and use found in the catalog.

Strategies for sustaining crop germplasm preservation, enhancement, and use

Garrison Wilkes

Strategies for sustaining crop germplasm preservation, enhancement, and use

by Garrison Wilkes

  • 102 Want to read
  • 38 Currently reading

Published by Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research Secretariat in Washington, D.C .
Written in English


Edition Notes

StatementGarrison Wilkes.
SeriesIssues in agriculture -- no.5
ContributionsConsultative Group on International Agricultural Research. Secretariat.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL17845419M

  Corn (Zea mays L.) is an important cereal crop indigenous to the Americas, where its genetic biodiversity is still preserved, especially among native populations from Mesoamerica and South America. The use of metabolomics in corn has mainly focused on understanding the potential differences of corn metabolomes under different biotic and abiotic stresses or to . I am a senior research scientist in the Molecular Biology Department at Institute of Crop Science. My research has been focused on the drought tolerance (DT) and water use efficiency (WUE) in crop plants, especially in common wheat, including phenotype, genotype and germplasm enhancement.

Part VI: PGR conservation and use policy Moving slowly towards the light: a review of efforts to create a global system for PGRFA over the last half century On the conservation and sustainable use of plant genetic resources in Europe: a stakeholder analysis Towards an improved European Plant Germplasm System Impact of the gene.   Plant Genetic Resources and the History of N.I. Vavilov All Russian Institute of Plant Genetic Resources Collection. E x situ collections of cultivated plants and their wild relatives are the basic components of food and environmental security of each sovereign country, including Russia. Their relevance and strategic importance have been recognized in the past decades .

Non Technical Summary Increased diversification of crops that can be integrated into existing sustainable production systems without compromising acres devoted to food use, and th. Project Methods The continued development of productive crop varieties for U.S. agriculture depends on plant scientistsâ¿¿ access to a wide range of well characterized crop genetic diversity. The U.S. National Plant Germplasm System (NPGS) is one of the largest and most diverse genebank systems in the world, and the Plant and Animal Genetic Resources Preservation .


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Strategies for sustaining crop germplasm preservation, enhancement, and use by Garrison Wilkes Download PDF EPUB FB2

Strategies for Sustaining Crop Germplasm Preservation, Enhancement, and Use Garrison Wilkes Introduction The idea comes first, then the accomplishment: in the same way genes are the blueprint and plant breeding is the yield improvement that feeds the expanding human populations.

Genetically improved cultivated plants and. Strategies for sustaining crop germplasm preservation, enhancement, and use (English) Abstract. Better germplasm is the fastest and least expensive input for increasing crop plant productivity.

The demands for increased food productivity mean that the ability of natural systems to conserve genetic resources has been diminished (genetic erosion).Cited by: Enter the password to open this PDF file: Cancel OK.

File name:. Strategies for sustaining crop germplasm preservation, enhancement, and use (الانكليزية) ا٠خ٠اصة Better germplasm is the fastest and least expensive input for increasing crop plant by: Strategies for Sustaining Crop Germplasm Preservation, Enhancement and Use.

By Garrison Wilkes and CGIAR Secretariat. Get PDF (4 MB) Abstract. Issues in Agriculture no. 5 from the series "Issues in Agriculture" published by the CGIAR Secretariat Year: OAI identifier: oai: Author: Garrison Wilkes and CGIAR Secretariat.

Strategies for Sustaining Crop Germplasm Preservation, Enhancement, and Use Garrison Wilkes Introduction The idea comes flrst, then the accomplishment; in the same way genes are the blueprint and plant breeding is the yield improvement that feeds the expanding human populations.

Genetically improved cultivated plants and. Energy Usage Sustainable Society Genetic Enhancement Strategies for Sustaining Crop Germplasm Preservation, Enhancement, and Use. Issues in Agriculture, No. Environment and the Implication for Energy Usage. In: White J.C.

(eds) Global Energy Strategies. Environmental Science Research, vol Springer, Boston, MA. DOI Chapter 26 (Page no: ) Germplasm enhancement to sustain genetic gains in crop improvement.

Germplasm enhancement has become an important tool for the genetic improvement of breeding populations by gene introgression or incorporation of wild and landrace genetic resources into respective crop breeding pools.

Germplasm enhancement with wild species has seldom resulted in direct cultivar release, but many parents with "wild" genes became available for breeding crops of. Short-term preservation of maize landrace seed and taro propagules using indigenous storage methods A.T.

Modi, [email protected] Research Centre for Plant Growth and Development, School of Agricultural Sciences and Agribusiness, Discipline of Crop Science, University of KwaZulu-Natal Pietermaritzburg, Private Bag X01, ScottsvilleSouth Africa. Germplasm of the last category is best held in natural systems or entire biomes.

The remaining more immediately useful plants and animals once held in the now disappearing peasant agriculture are assembled in situ or more extensively ex situ in genebanks. The problem with the easier to manage ex situ banking is that it withdraws seed and semen/ova from observation.

Consequently, the development of viable strategies for the conservation and sustainable use of CWR is required for germplasm enhancement of crop plants. In February,at the International Potato Center in Lima, Peru, the Global Crop Diversity Trust convened a meeting of potato CWR experts to discuss strategies for germplasm collection and use.

utilized in maize for its yield enhancement due to availability of The conservation of germplasm involves the preservation of.

component of the global strategy to conserve crop. This Book was ranked at 19 by Google Books for keyword Evolution. Book ID of Fundamentals of Gene Evolution's Books is T9aNqdaXrX8C, Book which was written by M. Prakash have ETAG "7DO3e+AxqpI" Book which was published by Discovery Publishing House since have ISBNs, ISBN 13 Code is and ISBN 10 Code is X.

This book contains edited and revised papers from a conference on 'Science and Technology for Managing Plant Genetic Diversity in the 21st Century' held in Malaysia in Juneorganised by the International Plant Genetic Resources Institute (IPGRI).

It includes keynote papers and some 40 additional ones, covering ten major scientific challenges to developing a global 3/5(2). Limitations in germplasm use. The use of available genetic resources in crop improvement is the most neglected part of germplasm conservation (de Wet, ).

A very large gap exists between actual utilization of the germplasm and availability of collection in the genebanks (Wright, ; Upadhyaya et al., ). Germplasm resources would.

Specific crop missions will need different forms depending on the crop; the format for recording such information as adapted by IRRI for rice is given in Appendix II.

Also, for wild species collecting, forage collecting, etc., specific format as per crop/plant(s) is to be designed.

Germplasm collecting strategies: salient points. The use of PCR to recover sequences from herbarium specimens (Rogers and Bendich, ) may mean that specimens should be regarded as a form of germplasm. PCR analyses will be useful for comparative genetic studies, which, until now, have depended on morphological or chemical comparisons rather than functional genetic analyses using the tools.

Consequently, the development of viable strategies for the conservation and sustainable use of CWR is required for germplasm enhancement of crop plants. In February,the Global Crop Diversity Trust convened a meeting of a group of potato CWR experts to discuss strategies for germplasm collection and utilization.

Soil fertility is the ability of soil to sustain plant growth and optimize crop yield. This can be enhanced through organic and inorganic fertilizers to the soil. Nuclear techniques provide data that enhances soil fertility and crop production while minimizing the environmental impact.

3. It is the total content of genes. It serves as the raw material for the breeder to develop different crops. 4. The main objective of germplasm collection is preservation of genetic diversity if a particular plant or genetic stock for its use in the future.

Exploration and Germplasm .Irrespective of germplasm bank facilities, there are about significant crop germplasm collections (Williams, a), but little information on how many of these are financially viable.

IBPGR has designated of these at 38 centers as global, continental, or regional base collections (International Board for Plant Genetic Resources, a).Genetic characterization and its use in decision-making for the conservation of crop germplasm M. C armen de V icente, F elix A lberto G uzmán, J an E ngels and V.

R amanatha R ao. The role of biotechnology in the conservation, sustainable use and genetic enhancement of bioresources in fragile ecosystems P rashanth S.

R aghavan and A jay P.